Wild Justice Raptor Forensic Fund
It is a sad reality that raptor persecution still persists at high levels, not just in the northern uplands monitored by NERF but across the UK as a whole. The true scale of persecution may never be known but it is widely accepted to be many times higher than the official data would suggest. In 2020 it is self-evident that not a single species of raptor is free from persecution. The majority, if not all, of this persecution is perpetrated for profit or pleasure, and is frequently connected to the game shooting industry. Trapping, shooting, poisoning and egg collecting continues apace and seems to be never ending. Criminals, and they are criminals, who kill raptors must be brought before the courts to account for their criminality wherever and whenever possible. At the present time the threat of being caught and prosecuted is low and needs to increase significantly if a crime prevention strategy is to prove successful. The wider use of forensic science will prove to be a good tool to facilitate this aim.
Whilst raptor persecution continues to plague our country the Crown Prosecution Service and the courts are simultaneously looking more to forensic science to support traditional witness evidence before they will pursue a case through the courts. To complete the perfect storm of continuing persecution and the demand for forensic evidence by prosecutors the situation has been exacerbated by falling Police budgets, which have been reduced dramatically by recent governments. Not one Police Department has been immune and the forensic budget managers have seen significant reductions in the funding available to them. We all appreciate the challenges that budget managers have to face daily and it is understandable, if frustrating to Raptor Workers, when bird of prey crime fails to make the cut when funds are allocated.
Wild Justice has stepped in to help fill this funding gap by offering financial assistance to Police Officers who are investigating raptor persecution cases and having difficulty in securing funding for forensic analysis of potential exhibits. This is an excellent initiative, which NERF fully supports.
NERF is a founding member of the Police led Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group [RPPDG] and were partners in the five-year Hen Harrier Life Plus Project which ended in 2019. We are all aware that Hen Harriers are one of the most persecuted birds of prey across the UK and remain on the point of extinction as a breeding species in England, as a direct result of persecution.
NERF is a collaborative self-funded group of volunteers monitoring and protecting birds of prey across the North of England and unfortunately every one of our member groups has experience of raptor persecution within their own study areas. Many of us have also been involved in cases where the search for forensic evidence, vital to support the case, was not pursued because of lack of funding thereby resulting in the investigation being abandoned prior to trial. We believe that this initiative will make a very significant impact on the investigation of raptor related criminal cases. On some occasions forensic evidence may lead to successful prosecutions. In other cases where raptor persecution is suspected, but the perpetrator has not been identified, forensic analysis can still be used to confirm the cause of death. This second function is vital in order that the true extent of persecution can be recorded with greater accuracy. When poisons, placed openly in the countryside, are used to kill birds of prey they pose a significant risk to members of general public, and / or their pets, who may suffer serious illness or in extreme cases death if they come into contact with them. Not all suspected poisoning cases meet the criteria used by the Government’s Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme [WIIS] to gain access to the scheme. This initiative will enable Police Officers to obtain funding to identify whether or not the suspected bait is a poison or if the suspected victim was poisoned. This information is essential to safeguard the public by issuing timely warnings across the local area.
NERF is so confident that this initiative will make a valuable contribution to protecting the nation’s birds of prey we are contributing £1,000 to the fund. We would also recommend that any organisation, or individual, with a passion for raptors should also contribute to the fund. The primary functions of the RPPDG are to help the Police prevent and detect bird of prey related crimes. Contributing to this fund is an excellent opportunity for members of the RPPDG, particularly those organisations who represent the shooting industry, to demonstrate their much vaunted zero tolerance of raptor persecution and justify their continued presence as members of the Group.
Steve Downing, NERF Chairman, commented “As a former Wildlife Crime Officer I fully appreciate the complex decision making process that is used to assess competing applications for funding the forensic analysis of potential exhibits. Every application for forensic funding is justifiable, however it is understandable why some crimes take precedence over cases of raptor persecution. This raptor related forensic analysis fund is a very valuable tool that will make a tremendous difference in the battle to detect wildlife crime and Wild Justice is to be commended for introducing the scheme”.
21 April 2020