Category Archives: NERF Statement

Scotland moves closer to licensing Grouse moor management.

On Thursday 26 November 2020, the Scottish Government announced that it is moving towards licencing grouse moor management in the coming year. Whilst licensing was part of the long overdue Werritty Report the fact that the Government decided to ignore the recommendation for a five year moratorium to allow the grouse shooting industry to demonstrate that they are capable of bringing an end to extensive use of illegal activities, including raptor persecution, by self-regulation within the industry.

Unsurprisingly, the industry is now expressing outrage at this decision. However, in reality this change was brought about by the on-going raptor persecution and persistent statements of denial, despite the abundance of evidence, by the industry leaders. Grouse moor managers have had decades to demonstrate that they already do, or can, comply with current legislation and yet to date they have spectacularly failed to do so. Legislation was the inevitable outcome.

Any licensing system must address other moorland management techniques, not just the authority to shoot Red Grouse. The licence will need to cover:

  • upland flood alleviation schemes to prevent downstream misery frequently suffered by valley residents
  • the use of lead shot
  • the use of medicated grit
  • the illegal use of traps and snares
  • heather burning.

Addressing these issues is essential, but this is not an exclusive list.

When the licensing scheme is eventually introduced it will require robust policing and effective sanctions if it is to deliver the projected benefits to both wildlife and the wider environment.

The Scottish Government is to be congratulated on taking this affirmative action. Raptors and other wildlife have no concept of borders and this action should offer them additional protection as they move back and forth between England and Scotland. The environmental protection clauses built into a licensing scheme will have a positive impact on the climate change emergency and benefit the population across the UK.

To achieve enhanced benefits for the whole of Great Britain NERF calls on DEFRA to introduce an effective system of licensing for the grouse shooting industry in England. The challenges faced by raptors on much of the land managed for driven grouse shooting in the North of England remains a clear and present danger. The threat from climate change currently faced by the planet is not going away and every beneficial action that will help to alleviate the damage needs to be taken now. Licensing grouse moor management may not be the answer to climate change, however it is part of the solution and should be introduced without further delay.


1 December 2020

Red Kite found poisoned at Scrampston, North Yorkshire.

On the 16th March 2020 the Health Secretary, Matt Hancock, told the public to avoid unnecessary social contact. On the 23rd March the Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, told the public to stay at home, protect the NHS and save lives. The country entered the first round of Covid-19 lockdown.

With the exception of essential workers who were vital to the continued safe running of the country the general public obeyed the Government’s edict and stayed at home, often enduring great hardship. Families were separated for months, schools were closed, weddings were cancelled, holidays were cancelled and thousands of people died as a result Covid-19. Families were unable to participate in funeral ceremonies to say a dignified farewell to loved ones.

All raptor work was suspended and Raptor Workers complied with the Government’s guidance and stayed at home to save lives. Regrettably, though perhaps not unsurprisingly, not everyone stayed at home to save lives. On the contrary wildlife criminals were out in the countryside taking the lives of birds of prey. The Covid-19 lockdown provided the criminals free reign to carry on – business as usual.

In April, during lockdown, a Red Kite was found dying at Scrampston, north-east of Malton in North Yorkshire. The bird did not survive and was submitted to WIIS, the Governments’ Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme, for toxicology tests to be carried out. Scientists at WIIS have confirmed that the bird was poisoned with a combination of Brodifacoum and Bendiocarb at levels higher than would normally be found in the natural environment.

Red Kites are predominantly scavengers and are therefore susceptible to poisoning. North Yorkshire has been the epicentre of raptor persecution for many years. When these two factors collide it is fair to say that across large areas of the North York Moors Birds of Prey are living on borrowed time.

If anyone reading this article is under the impression that this Red Kite was the only Bird of Prey poisoned in North Yorkshire during the first lockdown, or believes that this unfortunate bird was poisoned with the last few particles of Brodifacoum and Bendiocarb in the possession of the poisoner responsible for the death of this Red Kite they should think again. The chances of finding a poisoned bird before the poisoner has an opportunity to pick it up and dispose of it are infinitesimally low. Conversely, the opportunity to poison, and or shoot, high numbers of raptors without the risk of being caught is extremely high.

Whilst this article is specifically commenting upon one poisoned Red Kite in North Yorkshire it is worth reminding readers that poisons set out in the open to kill raptors are indiscriminate and all wildlife and pets in the area are at risk of death. Whilst society abhors the poisoning, and all other forms of indiscriminate killing of wildlife the individuals who lace the countryside with poison baits do not share that view and appear to have little or no conscience and killing predators is a daily event; killing anything else in the process is just a bi-product.

If you have any information to assist this or any other investigation please contact:

Police Wildlife Crime Officer Jez Walmsley at Malton Police Station (Tel: 101) and quote incident reference #12200055801.

Call Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555111.
Or you can contact the RSPB’s confidential Raptor Crime Hotline on 0300 999 0101.

25 November 2020

Dryad joins the ‘disappeared’. From ‘tree spirit’ to dead in 90 days.

Dryad was a female Hen Harrier that was satellite tagged on 7 June this year in the Forest of Bowland. She was named in celebration of Dryad, the tree spirit who resembled a woman in Greek mythology, and she fledged a few days later. As with many of the other missing Hen Harriers, NERF members were involved with locating and monitoring her nest then ringing and satellite tagging her. The fact that Dryad has joined the ‘disappeared’ weighs heavy on the people involved.

The type of satellite tag fitted to Dryad is extremely reliable and prior to going off-line her satellite tag was functioning perfectly for three months. There are several descriptions of tag failures in these circumstances including ‘sudden stop’, ‘stopped, no malfunction’ and ‘catastrophic failure’, no matter how the failure is described they all trigger a land search in the area of the last know fix [LKF]. There is a function within the tag that continues to work after contact with the satellite is lost allowing a dead bird to be found. Highly trained RSPB Investigations staff, using very sophisticated equipment, searched the area, however perhaps not unexpectedly, the bird was not located. No matter how the inexplicable tag stoppage is described it means the same thing; Dryad has joined the ‘disappeared’, never to be seen again. Another young Hen Harrier’s life snuffed out in North Yorkshire. She had spent less than 3 months flying free. Free as a bird.

Whilst the matter has been reported to the Police we know that investigating this type of incident is notoriously difficult. Consequently, it is highly unlikely that there will be a successful outcome to their enquiries.

How unpredictably, cruelly prophetic would her name be? According to the satellite data her last know fix [LKF] was on the border of Cumbria and Yorkshire, just inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Whilst the LKF provided a What3Words location we can’t reveal the position of that 3m2 block where the tag failed because it is not NERF’s data to reveal. The words could be, perhaps should be, Dryad / 90-days / disappeared. Sadly those three words are closer than you may think to the actual What3Words.

Map showing the approximate location of Hen Harrier Dryad’s last known fix.

Dryad was the 44th satellite tagged Hen Harrier to join the ‘disappeared’ in the last 2 years. Where does that leave the shooting industry’s representative’s claim that they have zero tolerance of raptor persecution? Really, where is the evidence to justify that claim? Other than warm words there is a distinct lack of evidence to support it.

The RSPB press release was published on 15 September and a check of the leading shooting industry websites during the morning of 16 September revealed the extent of their public declaration for their zero tolerance policy:

  • The Moorland Association reminds us that it has been ‘a record breaking year for Hen Harrier breeding’ but there was nothing about Dryad
  • The National Gamekeepers Association mentions the 2020 Hen Harrier breeding success but there was nothing about Dryad
  • BASC, in common with the other industry’s websites, has plenty of advice about Covid-19 but there was nothing about Dryad
  • Countryside Alliance also carries the month old story that 2020 was a good year for breeding Hen Harriers but there was no mention of Dryad.

There have been ongoing discussions with the shooting industry representatives for years, in various forums, that are supposed to be attempts to address the continuing problem of Hen Harrier persecution, yet to date nothing has been achieved. Hen Harriers remain at risk, continuing to face oblivion as a breeding species in England. You will read countless words from the shooting industry about the improvement in breeding success in 2020, however these numbers are merely a snapshot from one year. Whilst NERF welcomes this increase in breeding success it is not a future predictor of population expansion.

Perhaps the industry’s press officers are overwhelmed at the moment by the urgent need to update their websites informing their members that the Covid-19 ‘mingling rule’ does not apply to them and shooting can carry on as normal in this time of a ‘new normal’. Perhaps they haven’t had time to write something about Dryad yet. Perhaps they will write something today. Then again perhaps they won’t.

Dryad was the 44th satellite tagged Hen Harrier to join the ‘disappeared’ in the last 2 years. Where does that leave Natural England’s Hen Harrier Action Plan? How many birds have to die or inexplicably ‘disappear’ before they admit that their Plan isn’t working? Without changes to legislation, the licencing of game shooting and rigid law enforcement nothing will change. Why is Natural England continuing with their Hen Harrier brood management scheme?

The Moorland Association et al are leading proponents of Brood Management claiming that it provides a ‘a safety net’ for the grouse shooting industry and builds trust which in turn will ensure that raptor persecution will not be necessary. The concept of building trust between criminals and conservationists who represent potential victims is alien to most people. The belief that the Brood Management concept would achieve the proffered result was naive at best, at worst the whole idea was ridiculous, it is not achieving the stated aim and should be abandoned with immediate effect.

Persecution is the most significant threat to Hen Harriers which, despite claims to the contrary, continues to face extinction as a breeding species in England. We know that to be the case because Natural England have told us so in 2 of their own published papers. In 2008 Natural England published a paper in which they said; “There is compelling evidence that persecution continues, both during and following the breeding season.” The paper went on to say “Persecution continues to limit Hen Harrier recovery in England”. [A future for the Hen Harrier in England 2008.]. After that pronouncement nothing changed over the next decade and in 2019 Murgatroyd et al used Natural England’s data and published ‘Patterns of satellite tagged hen harrier disappearances suggest widespread illegal killing on British grouse moors’.

These two papers and continued criminal behaviour by some members of the shooting community are very instructive. The economist John Maynard Keynes famously said, ‘When the facts change, I change my mind’. The facts have changed and continue to change. It is time for the senior managers in Natural England who are wedded to Brood Management to read their own data, abandon the Brood Management Scheme and start to repair the reputational damage that it is doing to the organisation.


16 September 2020

NERF’s response to the 2020 Hen Harrier breeding data published by Natural England.

Hen Harrier nest

The published Hen Harrier breeding data for 2020 has been heralded as a huge success in some quarters, but was it? There has been much back slapping from Natural England’s senior management, the Moorland Association, GWCT and BASC et al. Congratulations are offered all round with the claim that the Hen Harrier Action Plan is working. Cue brass band.

There has indeed been an increase in both the number of successful nests and the number of fledglings and this is to be welcomed. Sixty young from 19 successful nests; 3.2 fledglings per nest is within the range that we would have expected in a year when the weather in June was very favourable. Interestingly in the Natural England press release Tony Juniper is quoted as saying “2020 has seen the best breeding season for England’s hen harriers in years………………” but he fails to mention that there were actually 24 breeding attempts during 2020, 5 of which failed. We will return to this later. According to Natural England’s own data there were 23 breeding attempts in both 2003 and 2007 [A future for the Hen Harriers in England 2008]. Therefore an increase from 23 to 24 isn’t very much to celebrate and doing so is a classic example of ‘Shifting Baseline Syndrome’. The collapse of the Hen Harrier population has been accepted in some quarters, and welcomed in others, as the inevitable, unassailable consequence of the purported conflict between driven grouse shooting and Hen Harriers for decades. Society, including those members who have a duty to protect Hen Harriers, has come to accept a population range between 1% and 5% [3 – 15 pairs] of its agreed potential, is the acceptable norm. Therefore any increase beyond 15 pairs, no matter how small, is seen as something to be celebrated. It is not. If we are to achieve the goal of allowing the Hen Harrier population to increase in proportion with the available, suitable habitat then ‘Shifting Baseline Syndrome’ must be avoided.

Whilst the numbers are an improvement on recent years we shouldn’t get carried away with that. What we should be celebrating is that 330 pairs fledged 3.2 chicks per nest in England, not 19. One thousand chicks entering the population; imagine that. Unfortunately, imagining that prospect is probably all that many of us will ever be able to do. Interestingly, whilst a BASC statement welcomes the increase and acknowledges that there is much to do it also goes on to say “This figure means we are only 30 per cent of the way towards a sustainable English breeding hen harrier population”. If that comment accurately reflects BASC’s position and they are indeed suggesting that 20 nests represents 30% of a self-sustaining population then are they also implying that the English Hen Harrier population of 66 pairs is acceptable. Acceptable to whom? Is that their target population? Sixty-six pairs is only one-fifth of the projected carrying capacity in England.

Other than there being enough breeding birds in the population to raise young, the most important fact leading to increased productivity is prey availability. We know that in 2020 there was a ‘vole plague’ i.e. a plentiful and consistent food supply throughout the breeding season, in some of the breeding areas. The consistent availability of prey and in some cases the provision of supplementary / diversionary feeding understandably led to increased productivity. However, the situation will undoubtedly be reversed in future years when prey availability crashes and / or the demand for the provision of diversionary feeding exceeds the capacity to deliver it, either financially or physically.

Natural England claims that 2020 was a record year, however productivity is only a measure of breeding success. Survivability is the measure of population expansion. In the past according to the analysis of Natural England’s data 72% of satellite tagged birds were killed or very likely to have been killed on a grouse moor. Their landmark paper also revealed that Hen Harriers are likely to die or inexplicably disappear without trace was 10 times higher, yes 10 times higher, on grouse moors when compared to none grouse moors. “Patterns of satellite tagged hen harrier disappearances suggest widespread illegal killing on British grouse moors”. Murgatroyd et al 2019. We won’t know for 1 or 2 years whether or not 2020 was a good year for Hen Harriers. Knowing that 72% of satellite tagged birds are killed or likely to have been killed on grouse moors it is not unreasonable to suggest that 72% of un-tagged birds suffered the same fate.

By making small assumptions and rounding the numbers to make the calculations less technical and using Murgatroyd et al as a base, we can predict what the final outcome will be for the 2020 cohort. Starting with 60 chicks, assuming that 32 were tagged we can predict that 75%, 24 individuals, will be killed or assumed to have been killed on grouse moors. Presuming that 75%, an additional 24 individuals, of the un-tagged birds were also killed or believed to have been killed on grouse moors during the same period, a total of 48 birds joined the ‘disappeared’ during the first year. The 12 remaining chicks, 20% of the original cohort, are not immune from dying and an unknown number will succumb to natural causes. The final number of chicks surviving their first year will depend largely on the availability of prey and the ferocity of the winter but is likely to be less than 12. Before people attempt to ridicule these calculations as ‘back of an envelope’ speculation they should read data published by Natural England in 2019. That data looked at 58 chicks and predicted that only 17%, less than 10 individuals would survive their first year. A very similar outcome to the one we predict for 2020.

The exact proportion of birds being killed or assumed to have been killed on grouse moors, revealed by Murgatroyd et al, may have come as a shock to some but the fact that persecution remains a limiting factor to population expansion is well documented and should not have come as a surprise. In 2008 Natural England published a paper in which they said; “There is compelling evidence that persecution continues, both during and following the breeding season.” The paper went on to say “Persecution continues to limit Hen Harrier recovery in England”. [A future for the Hen Harrier in England 2008.]

Natural England have produced two documents that unequivocally state that persecution is the primary problem limiting Hen Harrier population expansion. However, in Natural England’s latest press release Tony Juniper is quoted as saying “Although persecution is thought to be the main factor limiting hen harrier numbers in England”. At what point did Natural England’s evidence based statements that persecution is the main issue limiting population expansion become a ‘thought experiment’?

NERF is a member of the Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group [RPPDG], and as such is a consultee under Action 4 of NE’s Hen Harrier Recovery Plan. The paper can be found at . Yet when Natural England went in search of supporting comments for their press release they only published comments from the shooting industry. Perhaps Natural England would like to explain why that was the case. They may also want to explain why NERF wasn’t included in the list of organisations working in partnership for the benefit of Hen Harriers.

NERF is at the forefront of Hen Harrier nest finding and monitoring during the breeding season, ringing, satellite tagging and winter roost monitoring in partnership with the RSPB. Despite this, we weren’t approached for a comment when Natural England published their press release. If we had been asked for and provided a comment we doubt that it would have been published. Natural England should be in no doubt that without the dedication of NERF members who commit hundreds of voluntary hours to monitoring and self-fund thousands of miles to monitor Hen Harriers the species would be in a much worse state than it is currently.

NERF is also concerned that the press release failed to acknowledge that there were in fact 24 active nests at the start of the breeding season. Two nests were being provisioned by a polygamous male and when he joined the ‘disappeared’ both nests were understandably abandoned. Two other nests, both of which were known to contain eggs, failed during the Covid-19 lockdown period when conservation staff and volunteers were prohibited from monitoring nests. There is every possibility that these 4 nests failed as a result of persecution and yet they don’t even warrant a mention in the press release. The 5th nest appears to have failed due to predation. Why didn’t Natural England, the Moorland Association or GWCT mention these failures in their statements? Were they attempting to bury bad news rather than being upfront and transparent by publishing all of the nest data in their press release?

Before the celebrations get out of hand we need to take a closer look at land ownership and usage and overlay that with the breeding data. Only by doing that can we develop a new understanding of the breeding success and its relationship with driven grouse shooting in 2020.

The shooting industry are claiming credit for the success because some of the nests were located on grouse moors. However, how relevant was that claim? How many of the 19 successful nests were actually successful solely on the basis that they nested on land managed for grouse shooting and for no other reason? The Moorland Association tell us that the answer is 12, more than 63%. That sounds impressive, but a closer look at the data suggests that when all other factors are considered it is not as impressive as the press release would have us believe.

In reality two nests were brood managed and they should be deducted from the Moorland Association’s claim on the basis that the young from these nests were raised in captivity, not on a grouse moor. Additionally the remaining nests in those brood managed clusters should also be deducted because they were required to be protected as part of the brood management scheme.

Four of the remaining nests were in the South Pennine SPA on United Utilities land in the Forest of Bowland, albeit it with a shooting tenant, and where therefore afforded special protection. Of the remaining nests, 1 nest was on a hill farm with a shooting tenant and both the farmer and tenant were unconcerned that the pair were breeding and both were actively supporting the local Raptor Workers who were monitoring the nest.

Whilst we accept that land with grouse shooting interests can be loosely classed as a grouse moor it should only be done so in the context that the landowner has control over the property. The tenant will be bound by contractual obligations which may include complying with current legislation and face the risk that the contract will be terminated in the event of a breach.

The remaining nest was located on what Raptor Workers and raptor conservationists would recognise as a private, traditional driven grouse moor. The nest was monitored from over the fence line by NERF members and the owner was aware of this.

The spin free results are not as impressive as we were led to believe. Why does Natural England’s senior management and the shooting industry representatives feel that it is necessary to use spin in this way? The data shows an increase, not staggeringly so, but an increase non-the-less. Of course the shooting industry will insist that whilst the primary land use may not be grouse shooting the land is managed for that purpose and the management techniques used benefit all ground nesting birds, including Hen Harriers. The discussion about the alleged benefits of grouse moor land management is for another day.

Before the celebrations begin we need to see the brood management scheme abandoned and year on year increases in both breeding success and chick survivability on land that is primarily used for grouse shooting. Those are the only measures that we should be using to quantify success. It is only when Hen Harriers are breeding on private grouse moors across the whole of the northern uplands that we may allow ourselves a little optimism for the future of a species that remains in peril.

Sorry brass band you can stand down. The fanfare has been cancelled for this year, again, and we won’t be keeping your number on speed dial for the time being at least.


11 September 2020

Another day in the Peak District National Park and another shot raptor

WARNING– This article contains a photograph of a Buzzard with horrific injuries.








This is yet one more example of how intolerant some members of society are towards Birds of Prey. This Buzzard was found by a member of the public who then telephoned the RSPB Investigations Team. The bird was subsequently taken to a veterinary surgeon by one of the Investigation Officers. Unfortunately the injuries sustained by the bird were so severe that it had to be euthanised.

When a post mortem was carried out it transpired that the Buzzard had been shot on a previous occasion and had survived only to be shot a second time.









The northern Peak District is a well-known blackspot for the shooting, trapping and poisoning of birds of prey. In 2018, a rock climber witnessed a Red Kite being shot near Saddleworth and later in the year a Tawny Owl and a Short-eared Owl were found shot near Wessenden Head.

If you have any information relating to this incident:

  • contact Greater Manchester Police on 101
  • you can contact Crimestoppers anonymously telephone 0800 555111.
  • if you find a wild bird of prey which you suspect has been illegally killed, contact RSPB Investigations on 01767 680551


8 June 2020

Lockdown, the ‘New Normal’ and raptor crime

Poisoned Buzzard featured in the Channel 4 news item on raptor persecution

During the last three months the way that we live our lives has changed enormously and the phrase ‘New Normal’ is widely used by politicians, the media and the public when discussing the impact of the Covid – 19 pandemic. This ‘New Normal’ is how our lives will be affected for the foreseeable future. Regrettably if you were a bird of prey then for you lockdown could be described as ‘New Normal – Plus’.

We have witnessed high levels of raptor persecution, often associated with the game shooting industry, for decades and at times many of us believed that it couldn’t get any worse. How wrong we were. At the start of the Covid – 19 lockdown, which NERF supported, we warned that the level of bird of prey crime was likely to increase exponentially. It brings no comfort to realise that we were correct when making that prediction; not that it was difficult to predict an increase in persecution because we had seen a similar outcome during the Foot and Mouth crisis in 2001.

The seriousness of the problem was highlighted in a Channel 4 broadcast

Five dead buzzards are pulled from a hole where they’d been hidden on a grouse shooting estate in Bransdale, North York Moors National Park

During the program Matt Hagen, Head of the North Yorkshire Police Rural Crime Team said, “All the shooting investigations that we’ve got going on at the moment are involving gamekeepers on grouse moors.”

The BBC’s flagship rural affairs programme ‘Countryfile’ also highlighted the increase in raptor persecution during lockdown

The subject was raised again on the BBC local news program ‘Look Northwest’ (unfortunately the BBC Look Northwest links only last 24 hours so we can’t share this with you). During the program Howard Jones, RSPB Investigations Officer, said “Lockdown has kind of emboldened the criminals out there who want to kill birds of prey so they think with the restrictions that have been imposed there’ll be less people out in the countryside and there’s less chance of being caught”. He added, “In two thirds of the prosecutions that have ended up in court for bird of prey persecution since 1990, two thirds of those have been gamekeepers”.

If you are reading this article and were previously unaware of the level of bird of prey persecution these two statements, by very experienced investigators, tells you all you need to know about the criminality involved. It’s serious and organised crime in any meaning of the phrase.

There is ample evidence, reams of evidence, that some members of the game shooting industry form an ever present threat to birds of prey and yet the representatives of the industry continue to trot out endless statements of denial. During the Look Northwest exposé Duncan Thomas, the Northwest Director of BASC, said: “I really dispute these figures [number of raptors killed]. I would love to have a proper investigation in to exactly where they’re coming from. The RSPB are using birds of prey as a cash cow. It’s not proportionate, effective investigation, we must let the police get on with their job. We will expel anybody who is convicted of a wildlife crime of this nature”.

This is an outrageous statement from a Director of BASC, an organisation that is a member of the Police led Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group [RPPDG]. Rather than supporting the RSPB, the organisation which ironically is cleaning up the shooting industry, something that the industry is failing to do, by revealing the organised crime involved in some sections of the business, the industry continues to attack the hard working, dedicated and highly skilled RSPB Investigations Team.

Is the claim that the RSPB is “using birds of prey as a cash cow” BASC policy? Is it what the majority of their law-abiding members believe or has Mr Thomas gone rogue? The name RSPB spells out very clearly what its purpose is, i.e. to protect birds and that includes investigating the unlawful killing of birds. Would Mr Thomas, or BASC, make the same ridiculous statement about Victim Support, a charity set up to protect the human victims of crime? The ‘cash cow’ statement is ludicrous and will be seen as such by the general public, including, no doubt, many BASC members.

Interestingly on the BASC website Gary Doolan, Deputy Director of Communications and Public Affairs makes the following comment “For both programmes [Channel 4 and Look Northwest], BASC worked with other organisations in the background to ensure the messages we deliver to the audiences of those programmes are balanced and best represent the broad sweep of opinions within those organisations”.

There is a second comment on the BASC website that refers to the same subject “……………that hen harriers are being weaponised as a ‘cash cow’.

Perhaps the comment, made by Mr Thomas, that “The RSPB are using birds of prey as a cash cow” is BASC’s position statement after all.

Not content with attacking the integrity of the RSPB, some representatives of the shooting industry have previously launched despicable personal attacks on Chief Inspector Louise Hubble, Head of the National Wildlife Crime Unit and Superintendent Nick Lyall, the dynamic head of the RPPDG.

Attacks on Nick’s integrity are not new. The shooting industry representatives collectively walked out en masse when Nick brought additional conservation organisations in to the RPPDG. If the RPPDG is so bad, why did they all re-join? Perhaps the more pertinent question is, why were they allowed to return to the table? Constructive criticism is always welcome; however the constant attempt to undermine the RPPDG is intolerable.


8 June 2020

The country may have been in lockdown but in the countryside the killing fields were still open for business as usual.

On Friday 17 April 2020 the satellite tagged Red Kite named ‘KK’ joined the long list of raptors that have ‘disappeared’ on a grouse moor in the North of England. The Police were informed and the location of the last known fix was thoroughly searched using sophisticated tracking equipment. Unfortunately, as we have seen so many times before when a tag stops with no traceable malfunction once again the body was not recovered.

On 1 May we asked – Is the Red Kite named ‘KK’ Covid – 19 collateral damage?

Red Kite named ‘KK’ in tribute to one the FoRK volunteers







As soon as the lockdown was announced we were immediately concerned that there would be an upsurge in raptor persecution. This was not an unreasonable assumption, many of us had seen a similar pattern during the Foot and Mouth crisis during 2001.

Now that travel restrictions have been lifted and our members are back on the ground it is clear that persecution has been widespread. Breeding attempts that were recorded prior to the lockdown have failed. Breeding territories that have held birds for years are empty and there is a long list of proven persecution cases being dealt with by the Police.

In a recent press release issued by the RSPB, Mark Thomas Head of Investigations said,

“Since lockdown began, the RSPB has been overrun with reports of birds of prey being targeted. It is clear that criminals on some sporting estates both in the uplands and lowlands, have used the wider closure of the countryside as an opportunity to ramp up their efforts to kill birds of prey.”

The full press release, including a comment by Superintendent Nick Lyall, Chair of the Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group, can be seen here.

It is abundantly clear that whilst the general population was complying with the Government’s advice to ‘stay home and stay safe’ the wildlife criminals carried on killing. Just another day in the countryside; business as usual and there will undoubtedly be many more cases of Covid – 19 collateral damage to our bird of prey populations in the coming weeks.

Further information in relation to raptor persecution and the Police response can be found here. click the link to Operation Owl.

If you have any information about raptor persecution, or any other Wildlife crime please contact the Police on 101, or,

Crimestoppers on 0800 555111.

Alternatively, you can call the RSPB’s confidential Raptor Crime Hotline on 0300 999 0101.


16 May 2020

Licences to take wild Peregrine chicks – Part 2

On the 15th April 2020 Dave Slater, Director for wildlife licensing confirmed that Natural England had licenced the removal of 6 Peregrine chicks from the wild, by three individuals, over the next 2 years. [see here]

Understandably both Raptor Workers, who are committed to monitoring and protecting these magnificent birds, and members of the public who delight in seeing the masters of the skies in both wild places and our cities. NERF was dismayed by this decision and posted this response on the NERF website.

On the 20th April 2020 NERF wrote to Lord Goldsmith of Richmond, the Minister of State for the Pacific and the Environment. His portfolio includes the UK environment and conservation. In the letter we reminded him that the country was currently in lockdown as a result of the Covid – 19 pandemic and that the BTO has, understandably, suspended all Wildlife and Countryside licences and ringing permits for the foreseeable future. These restrictions apply to England’s rarest and most endangered species. At the same time Natural England has licenced the removal of 6 Peregrine chicks from the wild. It is NERF’s opinion that this is both unreasonable and irresponsible at the present time. The removal of these chicks cannot be classed as ‘front-line work’ and the multiple journeys to and from the nests cannot be classed as ‘essential’ under the Corona Virus Regulations.

Accessing Peregrine nests is a dangerous activity and an accident and subsequent rescue would put unnecessary stress on both the rescue and medical services. The British Mountaineering Council [BMC] has warned climbers and hill walkers to curtail their activities during the pandemic and that the Mountain Rescue Teams are also in lockdown and unavailable in case of an accident.

NERF has called on Lord Goldsmith to suspend the licences during 2020. The full text of the letter can be read [here]

Similarly we wrote to Tony Juniper, Chairman of natural England. The full text of the letter can be read [here]

Twelve days later neither Lord Goldsmith nor Mr Juniper have responded to our letters. Time is pressing and we await their responses.


2 May 2020

Is the Red Kite named ‘KK’ Covid – 19 collateral damage?








On Friday 17 April 2020 the Red Kite ‘KK’ joined the long list of raptors that have ‘disappeared’– on a grouse moor.

In June 2019 NERF members, the Friends of Red Kites [FoRK] based in the North East of England, arranged for a Red Kite chick to be fitted with a satellite tracking device. The chick was named ‘KK’ in tribute to one the FoRK volunteers. The bird was also fitted with wing tags bearing the ID number 00, one of which can be seen in the photograph. After the tag was fitted the data it provided was monitored and mapped by the RSPB.

Red Kites are extremely placid birds of prey, a delight to handle as chicks and a beautiful graceful bird to watch gliding across open country. They are largely carrion feeders, scavenging on dead animals, cleaning up the countryside. They do not pose a threat to the shooting industry and yet in some quarters they are vilified for the sole reason that they a member of the raptor family.

During the remainder of 2019 KK toured the North of England as far south as the Peak District before returning to the Derwent Valley, Tyne & Wear.

In common with our extensive experience of other satellite tagged birds, KK’s life followed a pattern that we have seen with all too regularly. The tag worked perfectly and then without the warning signs that we would expect to see from a tag that is nearing its natural end of life the transmission suddenly and inexplicably stopped.

That the last fix, prior to the ‘stop no malfunction’ located the bird on a grouse moor near the Derwent Reservoir, in County Durham. Despite an extensive ground search being carried out by a very experienced team, using sophisticated equipment, the body was not found. These facts will not come as a surprise to those of us who follow these cases closely. Natural England’s Hen Harrier data reveals that satellite tagged birds are 10 times more likely to ‘disappear’ when the tag fails without warning when the bird was on a grouse moor at the time [Murgatroyd et al]. Data already in the public domain indicates that Hen Harrier chicks satellite tagged as part of the RSPB’s Hen Harrier Life Project reveal a similar pattern.

This is not the first Red Kite to ‘disappear’ in the Derwent Gorge area and the quote from Harold Dobson, spokesman for the Friends of the Red Kites, tell us all we need to know:

“Since 2010, seven red kites have been found poisoned or shot near the Derwent Gorge and surrounding Durham Moorland. We fear that this may be the tip of the iceberg and that many more persecuted kites are never found.”

David Raw representing NERF member, the Durham Upland Bird Study Group, has commented:-

“The abrupt loss of an otherwise reliable signal from this carefully tracked bird is of great concern. The original Northern Kites release project and later our colleagues in Friends of Red Kites have all worked tirelessly to establish a viable population of these magnificent birds in our region. Local success has brought pleasure, pride and enjoyment within the community but expansion of the breeding range is now overdue. The loss of this bird in suspicious circumstances, in the same area as other known persecution incidents of Red Kites, reflects an appalling situation and is surely indicative of how selfish criminal activity is holding back the population.”

From the moment that the Government announced the Covid – 19 lockdown Raptor Workers have been expressing concern that raptor persecution would increase significantly after we were, for understandable reasons, prevented from surveying and monitoring birds of prey. This is not an unreasonable fear, we saw a similar pattern in 2001 when access to the countryside was banned during the Foot and Mouth outbreak.

Is KK Covid – 19 collateral damage, or was this bird already destined to join the long line of birds that have ‘disappeared’ on grouse moors irrespective of the current pandemic?

The RSPB press release can be seen here [link]

If you have any information about this incident, please contact the Police on 101, quoting the reference number 22042020-0078., or,

Crimestoppers on 0800 555111.

Alternatively, if you have information about this case or of other birds of prey being killed or targeted you can call the RSPB’s confidential Raptor Crime Hotline on 0300 999 0101.


1 May 2020


Wild Justice Raptor Forensic Fund

Wild Justice Raptor Forensic Fund

Common Buzzard – Found Poisoned in the Peak District National Park April 2019

It is a sad reality that raptor persecution still persists at high levels, not just in the northern uplands monitored by NERF but across the UK as a whole. The true scale of persecution may never be known but it is widely accepted to be many times higher than the official data would suggest. In 2020 it is self-evident that not a single species of raptor is free from persecution. The majority, if not all, of this persecution is perpetrated for profit or pleasure, and is frequently connected to the game shooting industry. Trapping, shooting, poisoning and egg collecting continues apace and seems to be never ending. Criminals, and they are criminals, who kill raptors must be brought before the courts to account for their criminality wherever and whenever possible. At the present time the threat of being caught and prosecuted is low and needs to increase significantly if a crime prevention strategy is to prove successful. The wider use of forensic science will prove to be a good tool to facilitate this aim.

Whilst raptor persecution continues to plague our country the Crown Prosecution Service and the courts are simultaneously looking more to forensic science to support traditional witness evidence before they will pursue a case through the courts. To complete the perfect storm of continuing persecution and the demand for forensic evidence by prosecutors the situation has been exacerbated by falling Police budgets, which have been reduced dramatically by recent governments. Not one Police Department has been immune and the forensic budget managers have seen significant reductions in the funding available to them. We all appreciate the challenges that budget managers have to face daily and it is understandable, if frustrating to Raptor Workers, when bird of prey crime fails to make the cut when funds are allocated.

Wild Justice has stepped in to help fill this funding gap by offering financial assistance to Police Officers who are investigating raptor persecution cases and having difficulty in securing funding for forensic analysis of potential exhibits. This is an excellent initiative, which NERF fully supports.

NERF is a founding member of the Police led Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group [RPPDG] and were partners in the five-year Hen Harrier Life Plus Project which ended in 2019. We are all aware that Hen Harriers are one of the most persecuted birds of prey across the UK and remain on the point of extinction as a breeding species in England, as a direct result of persecution.

NERF is a collaborative self-funded group of volunteers monitoring and protecting birds of prey across the North of England and unfortunately every one of our member groups has experience of raptor persecution within their own study areas. Many of us have also been involved in cases where the search for forensic evidence, vital to support the case, was not pursued because of lack of funding thereby resulting in the investigation being abandoned prior to trial. We believe that this initiative will make a very significant impact on the investigation of raptor related criminal cases. On some occasions forensic evidence may lead to successful prosecutions. In other cases where raptor persecution is suspected, but the perpetrator has not been identified, forensic analysis can still be used to confirm the cause of death. This second function is vital in order that the true extent of persecution can be recorded with greater accuracy. When poisons, placed openly in the countryside, are used to kill birds of prey they pose a significant risk to members of general public, and / or their pets, who may suffer serious illness or in extreme cases death if they come into contact with them. Not all suspected poisoning cases meet the criteria used by the Government’s Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme [WIIS] to gain access to the scheme. This initiative will enable Police Officers to obtain funding to identify whether or not the suspected bait is a poison or if the suspected victim was poisoned. This information is essential to safeguard the public by issuing timely warnings across the local area.

NERF is so confident that this initiative will make a valuable contribution to protecting the nation’s birds of prey we are contributing £1,000 to the fund. We would also recommend that any organisation, or individual, with a passion for raptors should also contribute to the fund. The primary functions of the RPPDG are to help the Police prevent and detect bird of prey related crimes. Contributing to this fund is an excellent opportunity for members of the RPPDG, particularly those organisations who represent the shooting industry, to demonstrate their much vaunted zero tolerance of raptor persecution and justify their continued presence as members of the Group.

Steve Downing, NERF Chairman, commented “As a former Wildlife Crime Officer I fully appreciate the complex decision making process that is used to assess competing applications for funding the forensic analysis of potential exhibits. Every application for forensic funding is justifiable, however it is understandable why some crimes take precedence over cases of raptor persecution. This raptor related forensic analysis fund is a very valuable tool that will make a tremendous difference in the battle to detect wildlife crime and Wild Justice is to be commended for introducing the scheme”.


21 April 2020